We fabricated the first perovskite-based monolithic series-type module showing very promising results in terms of the power conversion efficiency, the reproducibility of the fabrication process and long-term stability. To achieve these results, important innovative procedures were implemented in order to realize an efficient up-scaling process including:
Furthermore, two different HTMs were used, i.e. the Spiro-OMeTAD and the P3HT polymer both reaching a PCE equal to 5.1%. The P3HT was utilized as cost-effective alternative material also to test the reproducibility of the fabrication process. These fabrication processes were here used for the first time to define a reproducible fabrication procedure applicable to large area. To achieve better performance in terms of PCE and long-term stability, future developments will concentrate on the study of efficient sealants, the optimisation of the perovskite deposition and the cleaning procedure of the interconnection area between neighbouring cells.
F. Matteocci, S. Razza, F. Di Giacomo, S. Casaluci, G. Mincuzzi, T. M. Brown, A. D'Epifanio, S. Licoccia and A. Di Carlo
"Solid-state solar modules based on mesoscopic organometal halide perovskite: a route towards the up-scaling process"
We fabricated perovskite based solar cells using CH3NH3PbI3-xClx with different hole transporting materials such as Spiro-OMeTAD and P3HT. By tuning the energy level of P3HT and optimizing the device’s fabrication, we reached 9.3% of power conversion efficiency showing that P3HT can be a suitable low cost hole transport material for efficient perovskite based solar cells.
Fully sprayed polymer solar cell modules open the way to bring Photovoltaics nominally everywhere, thanks to spray coating conformability to virtually any kind of substrate. If we also add semitransparency, then the range of possible applications gets even broader, from Building-Integrated Photovoltaics to automotive or consumer electronics.
We have set up an automated spray process, completely performed in air, for the fabrication of the first fully spray-coated modules on glass substrates. We have obtained conversion efficiency close to 1% and now the transfer on plastic substrate is in progress, together with the improvement of the efficiency on large area.
Full story available on Energy Technology, in press paper.
We have demonstrated the feasibility of the fabrication of a photovoltaic greenhouse roof by using techniques based on solution processing (spray coating and screen printing). The panel ensures the suitable transmittance for plants and is composed of modules connected in series and parallel.
The work was funded by ECOFLECS Project (partners: Aero Sekur SpA, Uni Roma Tor Vergata, UniTuscia, CNR-IBAF).
We fabricated the first solid state dye solar cell (SDSC) module using poly(3-hexilthiophene) (P3HT) as Hole Transport Material for the dye regeneration process. Integrated interconnections were obtained following the "Monolithic" architecture for series connections. The fabricated SDSC module has a conversion efficiency of 2.0% on active area. These results represent a promising starting point for an effective up-scaling of SDSC devices.
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Journal of Power Sources Volume 246, 15 January 2014, Pages 361–364.